animal life

about words

A


Africa


非洲



air


空气





algae


水藻






ancestor


祖先





animal


动物






Antarctica


南极洲





antenna


触角











atmosphere


大气层

B


backbone


脊椎






bee


蜜蜂







bird






blood


血液





bone


骨头




breathe


呼吸

C


calf


牛犊



chick


雏鸟



climate change


气候变化







cold


寒冷









colour


颜色




communicate


交流












corn


谷物




country


国家







crocodile


鳄鱼



crop


庄家




Africa is one of the continents of the Earth.


非洲是地球的一个大洲



Air is a  mixture of gases including nitrogen and oxygen. Air surround us, and we breathe it in and out.


空气是各种气体的混合体,包括氮和氧。

空气环绕在我们周围,我们呼进吸出。



Algae are living things that get energy from light (like plants do). Many algae are very small, but seaweeds are algae.


水藻是通过光获得能量的生物(就像植物)。许多水藻体积都很小,但海藻也属于水藻。



Your great-grandparents, your great-great-grandparents (and so on) are your ancestors. All living things have ancestors.


你的祖父母、曾祖父母,等等,是你的祖先,一切生物都有祖先。



Animals are living things that cannot get energy from light so they have to have food. Their bodies are made of many cells.


动物是无法通过光合作用获取能量的生物,因此它们需要进食,它们的身体由各种细胞组成。



Antarctica is one of the continents of the Earth. It's in the south. It's very cold all year.


南极洲是地球的一个大洲。它在南边,一年四季都十分寒冷。



Antennae are long 'feelers' attached to the heads of some animals. They're used for sensing (collecting information) about the world, such as by touch or smell.

Humans and some other animals don't use four legs for walking. So we have two 'spare' legs, with hands and fingers.


触角是长长的触觉,它长在某些动物的头上。它们被用来感知世界(收集信息),比如触觉或者嗅觉。人类和一些动物不是用四只脚走路,因此我们有两只多余的,即手和手指。



The atmosphere is the layer of air around the Earth.


大气层是地球空气的表层。



Some animals have bones that make an 'inside' skeleton. These animals have a string of bones, with their head at one end. It's their backbone.


有些动物有由骨头组成的内骨骼。这些动物有一列骨头,骨头的一端是它们的头。这就是它们的脊椎。



A bee is a kind of insect that lives on nectar and pollen that they collect from flowers. Some bees make honey, and many kinds live in colonies or bee-hives.


蜜蜂是依靠它们从花中采集的花蜜和花粉存活的生物。有些蜜蜂会制作蜂蜜,许多种类的蜜蜂都群居生活或住在蜂巢里。



Birds are living things with backbones and feathers. They lay eggs and have warm bodies.


鸟是有脊椎和羽毛的生物。它们产卵并且有着温暖的身体。



Blood is a liquid inside the bodies of many animals. It carries material (stuff) around the body.


血液是许多动物身体里流淌着的液体。血液能带动身体里的物质流动。



A bone is hard and is part of the inside skeleton of some animals.


骨头十分坚硬,同时也是一些动物的内骨骼的一部分。



To breathe means to take in air to get oxygen and then to send the air out again to get rid of carbon dioxide.


呼吸意味着呼进空气以获得氧气,再呼出空气以排出二氧化碳。



A calf is a young cow.


牛犊是幼年的牛。



A chick is a young bird.


雏鸟是幼年的鸟。



Scientists have told us that the whole world is getting warmer. They say it's mostly because we burn too much coal, oil and gas. It's bad news for living things on the planet.


科学家告诉我们世界的气候正在变暖。这主要是因为我们烧了太多的煤、油和瓦斯。这对这颗星球上的生物来说是个坏消息。



Humans, like other mammals, and also birds, have warm bodies. If our bodies get too cold we die. Some animals, like seals and polar bears, have special protection against the cold.


人类,就像其他哺乳类动物和鸟一样,有着温暖的身体。我们的身体要是太冷就会死掉,因此我们不喜欢气温变得太冷。有些动物,比如海豹和北极熊,都有着抵御寒冷的身体机制。



Our eyes and brains make different colours from different kinds of light. Different animals see different colours.


我们的眼睛和大脑能够通过不同的光线分辨出不同的颜色。不同的动物也会看到不同的颜色。



One of the interesting things about humans is that we use sound so much to communicate. We talk (in different languages). We also have an ability to understand pictures and symbols – like these letters. Other animals are much better than us at sending messages by smell. Like other animals, we also send messages by how we behave,


关于人类,有趣的一点是,我们通过声音来交流。我们说话(使用不同的语言)。我们也有理解图片和符号的能力——比如这些文字。其他动物则更善于通过气味发送信息。但和它们一样,我们也会通过行为传递消息。



Corn is the seed of some kinds of grass. We call them 'cereals'.


谷物是某些草的种子。我们称之为谷物。



Other animals don't know anything about countries, except when humans build walls and fences that stop them moving freely. Only people seem to think that countries are important.


其它动物对国家的概念一窍不通,除了当人类建起墙和篱笆,阻碍它们自由活动的时候。似乎只有人类认为国家是重要的。



A crocodile is a large reptile. They eat meat.


鳄鱼是大型的爬行类动物。它们也是肉食动物。



A crop is a plant that we grow for food.


庄家是我们种来吃的食物。

Some animals of Antarctica 


一些生活在南极洲的动物

How can you tell it's a bird?

• feathers 

• beak (and no teeth)  

• only two legs (the 'front legs' are wings) 

• has a backbone (but you can't tell from this picture)

• lays eggs (but you can't tell from this picture) 

• has warm blood (but you can't tell from this picture)


你要如何分辨一只鸟

• 羽毛

• 鸟嘴(没有牙齿)

• 只有两条腿(前脚是翅膀)

• 有脊椎(但你没法通过图片辨认)

• 会生蛋(但你没法通过图片辨认)

• 有温暖的血液(但你没法通过图片辨认)

Communicating by smell


That tongue isn't for eating. It's for sensing the world.

How do you send messages about how you feel?

Lizards use their tongues.


通过气味交流


它的舌头不是用来吃东西的,而是用来感知世界。

你是如何表达你的心情的?

蜥蜴是用它们的舌头。 

D


dairy


制奶厂





dairy product


奶制品





dead stuff


死后剩的东西











dengue fever


登革热







develop


发展






die


死亡





disease


疾病

E


ear


耳朵





earthworm


蚯蚓







eat








eye






egg






energy


能量






environment


环境



A dairy is part of a farm for working with milk. The word also describes anything to do with milk.


制奶厂是在农场负责制作牛奶的部分。这个单词也用来描述任何与牛奶相关的事物。



You can buy 'dairy products'. They can be milk, or anything made from milk.


你可以购买乳制品。它们可以是牛奶,或者任何由牛奶制成的东西。



What's left after plants and animals die is 'dead stuff'. It can also be animal waste (aka poo). It's very very important because it has good stuff (nutrients) that plants can use to grow. Plants take in the good stuff through their roots. Earthworms help to make the good stuff ready for plants.


植物和动物死后剩下一些东西,其中一部分是动物的排泄物(粪便)。它们很重要因为其中含有植物成长所需要的好东西(营养)。植物通过它们的根吸收这些好东西。蚯蚓会准备这些好东西给植物吸收。



A virus (a VERY tiny bug) causes dengue fever. (Different viruses cause colds and flu.) Mosquitoes spread the disease from person to person.


病毒(非常微小的虫子)会导致登革热。(不同的病毒会导致感冒或流感)蚊子会使疾病人传人。




To develop is to change or grow, from one thing to another. The final state is usually more complete than the starting state.


发展就是改变和成长,从一件事到另一件事。最终的阶段通常比开始的阶段更完整。



All living things die. But life goes on. New young living things replace the old ones.


所有的生物都有死亡的一天,但生命还会延续。新生的事物将会代替老的。



If you have a disease something inside isn't working properly.


如果你患病了那说明你体内有东西运转得不正常。



The part of animal's body that's senses sound is called an ear. It's connected to the brain.


动物身体中感知声音的部分被称为耳朵,耳朵与大脑相连。



An earthworm is a small animal that lives underground. It has no bones or shell. It eats 'dead stuff' and helps to make it easier for plants to take in 'good stuff' (nutrients).


蚯蚓是生活在地底的小型动物,它们没有骨头或壳。它们吃动物死后的东西,并且帮助植物吸收其中的好东西(营养)。



Animals can't get energy from light. (Plants and algae can.) So animals must take in energy-value food. They (we!) must eat.


动物无法通过光合作用获得能量(不像植物和藻类)。因此动物必须食用富含能量的食物。它们(以及我们)必须吃东西。



The part of animal's body that's senses light is called an eye. It's connected to the brain.


动物身体中感知光线的部分被称为眼睛,眼睛与大脑相连。



Females of most animals make eggs. Males add extra stuff (very small!) so eggs can grow into young animals.


大部分雌性动物产卵。雄性动物会加其他东西(非常微小的东西)让卵变成幼年动物。



Many changes, especially good and useful changes, need energy to make them happen. Energy can come from sunlight (in plants and animals) or from food.


改变、特别是好的,有用的改变,需要能量。能量可以来自阳光(植物和动物)或者事物。



Environment means 'surroundings' – everything that surrounds you and affects your life.


环境即周围“——你周围的任何事物并且它们会影响你的生活。

A steaming pile of poo from farm animals. It's manure, dung, or muck.  It's smelly but it's good for plants. It's 'dead stuff' and it's full of nutrients.


一堆家畜的粪便。是肥料、粪便、污秽。味道很难闻但对植物很好。这是它们的dead stuff,它们富含营养。

The 'dead stuff' in animal poo has lots of 'good stuff' for plants. So farmers spread 'muck' on their fields. That way they can grow more food for you.  


对植物来说,动物粪便中的dead stuff有很多好东西。因此农民会将粪肥洒在农田上。这样它们就能为你提供更多食物。

Light sensors. Many many animals have them.

Do you?


感光。许多动物都能感光。

你呢?

F


fang


毒牙




farm


农场



farmer


农民




fat


脂肪





feathers


羽毛









female


雌性









fingernails


指甲








fish









fly, flies


苍蝇






flipper


鱼鳍






flower






food


食物







forest


森林





fruit


水果



A fang is a tooth or another kind of sharp part of an animal's head.


毒牙是动物的牙齿,或者头上某处尖锐的部分。



A place where humans grow food is a farm.


农场是人类种田的地方。



A person who looks after a farm and grows our food is a farmer.


农民是负责照看农场并种植庄稼的人。



Fat is a substance that we (and other animals) all have in our bodies. It stores energy. A layer of fat under your skin can help to keep you warm.


脂肪是我们(以及其他动物)身体里所有的物质。它能贮存脂肪。皮肤下的一层脂肪能够帮助你保暖。



Feathers are complicated coverings of birds. They help them to fly, to keep their bodies warm, and they can have many colours. The colours provide communication to other birds of the same species. Feathers are made of keratin (and so is your hair).


羽毛覆盖在鸟类的表面,能帮助它们飞翔和保暖。羽毛有许多颜色,这些颜色能够帮助鸟与同类交流。此外,鸟的羽毛是由角质素组成的(你的头发也是)



A female is a living thing or part of a living thing. She or it makes parts (usually small) that do not need to move. These parts can grow into new (young) living things after a male adds a matching part. 


雌性是一种生物或者某种生物的一部分。她或它会制造出(通常很小的)不会动的一部分。在雄性给她增添了相匹配的另一部分后,这些部分会生长成新的(年轻的)生物。



Fingernails are parts of the bodies of humans and apes. They're hard and they have no nerves. So it doesn't hurt when you cut the ends of your fingernails. They're useful tools.


指甲是人类和人猿身体的一部分。它们十分坚硬、没有神经。因此当你剪下指甲的末端时并不会感到疼痛。它们是非常有用的工具。



Fish are animals that live in water. They have backbones and skeletons. They need oxygen (just like you do) and they can get that from the water (through their gills). There are many kinds (species) of fish.


鱼是生活在海里的动物,它们有脊椎和骨骼,也需要氧气(和你一样),但它们的氧气是从水里来的(通过它们的鱼鳃)。世界上有许多种类的鱼。



There are about a million (1,000,000) different kinds of fly. They're insects. They have the right name – they're very good at flying.


世界上有大约一百万种(1000000)苍蝇,它们都是昆虫,而且都很擅长飞行。



Some animals that live in the sea, like seals and turtles, have flippers instead of legs (or arms). Flippers are better for swimming.


有些动物生活在海里,比如海豹和海龟,它们用鱼鳍代替脚(或手),因为鱼鳍更适合游泳。



A flower has female and male parts. So it's job is to make seeds that can grow into new plants.


花同时拥有磁性和雄性器官,因此它们的任务是制造能长出新植物的种子。



Living things need nutrients and energy. Animals get those by taking in material (stuff) from their surroundings. Plants and algae also take in nutrients, but they get energy from sunlight.


生物需要营养和能量。动物通过周围的事物获得能量。植物和藻类也需要营养,但它们通过阳光获得。



A forest is a place with many trees. There may also be a lot of other kinds of plants, and animals too.


森林里有许多树木,也有许多其它各种植物,动物,等等。



A fruit carries seeds, and contains nutrients that will help the seeds to grow after the fruit has 'gone rotten'. We (and other animals) can use the nutrients too (before the fruit goes rotten). That can be good for the plant. It helps to spread the seeds to new places where new plants can grow.


水果里有种子,和水果腐坏后种子成长所需的营养。我们(以及其它动物)也可以获得这些能量(在水果腐坏之前)。这对植物是件好事,它能够帮助种子传播,到新的地方生长。

feathers


羽毛

flowers


fruit


水果

G


good stuff


好东西






grassland


草地






greenhouse


温室









grow


生长



When we say 'good stuff' we're talking about nutrients. They are materials (or substances) that living things need to stay alive. to grow and to reproduce.


当我们说好东西的时候,我们说的是营养。那是生物生存、成长和再生长所需要的材料(或成分)。



A wild area or farmland with grass, is grassland. There used to be tigers in wild grassland, but they have all gone.


草地是指一片长着草的广阔区域或农田。从前老虎生活在野外的草地里,但现在它们都走了。



Some plants need warmth. They also need to be protected from the wind. They certainly need to be protected from animals that would eat them. So people make houses with glass or plastic walls. They provide a good environment for the plants.


有些植物需要温暖,也需要避风,更需要躲避以植物为食的动物。因此人们用玻璃和塑料建起房子,以提供一个适合植物生长的良好环境。



Farmers grow crops. Animals grow – they start as small and get bigger.


农民种庄稼,动物从小动物长成大动物。

Different environments: greenhouse, and wild grassland


不同的环境:温室和野外草地

H


hair






hammerhead 

slug


锤头蠕虫





harvest


收割



heart


心脏







hippo 


犀牛





honey


蜂蜜






honeycomb


蜂窝




human


人类



hungry


饥饿



Mammals have hair or fur or wool. It's all made of keratin.


哺乳动物有毛、皮或绒。它们都由角质素形成。




A hammerhead slug is also known as a hammerhead flatworm. They eat earthworms. Earthworms are good for soil. They help to provide nutrients to plants. So the hammerheads are harmful.


锤头蠕虫以蚯蚓为食。蚯蚓对土壤十分友好,它们能给

植物提供营养,因此锤头蠕虫是有害的。


Farmers gather in crops and get it ready to sell. That's called the harvest.


农民收集庄稼来售卖,这个过程被称为收割。



Most animals have some kind of heart. Hearts have mussels and they pump blood around the body. You don't have to think about your heartbeat. It happens automatically.


大部分动物都有心脏。心脏有肌肉并且能将血液泵到身体各处。你不需要顾虑你的心跳,它们会自动运转。



A hippo is a large animal that lives in African rivers. A hippo weighs about the same as 15 big people. 


河马是生活在非洲河流里的大型动物。一只河马的重量大约相当于15个人类。



Bees make honey as a way of storing food for their young larvae. They make it from sweet nectar that they collect from flowers.


蜜蜂制造蜂蜜以此为蜂巢贮存蜂蜜。它们是用花中采集到的花蜜来制造蜂蜜的。



Inside a beehive there are many six-sided rooms. The rooms all together are a honeycomb.


在蜂窝中有许多六边形的房间,它们统称为蜂巢。



One of the species that lives on the Earth. (Maybe you've seen some.)


一种生活在地球的生物(也许你见过他们)。



An animal that hasn't had enough food is a hungry animal.


没有吃饱食物的动物是饥饿的动物。

Unknown

species


未知生物

Dog


Mammals have hair (or fur or wool)


哺乳动物有毛(或皮或绒)

I


ice






Indonesia


印度尼西亚



insect


昆虫



When it's cold (normally less than 0°C, water becomes a solid. The solid is ice.


当气温寒冷(通常是低于零度)时,水会变成固体,这种固体被称作冰。



Indonesia is a large island country in south-east Asia.


印度尼西亚是东南亚的一座大岛屿。



There are about a million kinds (species) of insects. Most of the animals in the world are insects. They have six legs, three body sections, antennae, and a stiff outer layer (an outside skeleton).


世界上大部分动物都是昆虫,大约有一百万种。它们有六只脚,三段体节,触角,和坚硬的外壳(外骨骼)。

J


there are no Js yet. 

暂时还没有J

K


keratin


角质素





Komodo dragon


科莫多巨蜥



Keratin is a substance you make in your body. You make it from your food. Many animals make keratin.


角质素是你身体中制造出的一种物质,是你的身体利用吃进去的食物制造出来的,许多动物都能制造角质素。



The Komodo dragon is the world's biggest lizard. They're big enough to eat cows!


科莫多巨蜥是世界上最大的蜥蜴,它们大到能吃下一头牛。

Not a dinosaur but a Komodo dragon


不是恐龙,而是科莫多巨蜥

L


land


陆地





larva


幼虫









leaf


树叶






leg











life


生命










life cycle


生命周期









limb


肢体



liquid


液体






lizard


蜥蜴


lobster


龙虾



Most of the Earth is covered by ocean. The dry bits in between the oceans are 'land' – continents and islands.


地球大部分面积为海域。海域中间的那一小块是陆地——大洲和岛屿。



Some animals such as insects and frogs have a stage of life that's very different to the adult stage. For example, tadpoles are the larvae of frogs. Caterpillars are the larvae of butterflies.

(Note: One larva, two larvae)


有些动物,比如昆虫和青蛙,它们的生命周期中,有着一段完全不同于成年时期的状态。例如,蝌蚪是青蛙的幼虫,毛虫是蝴蝶的幼虫。



A leaf is a part of a plant that's important for getting energy from sunlight, and also for letting gases (oxygen, carbon dioxide and water vapour) come in and out.


树叶是植物重要的一部分,它们能从阳光中获得能量,也能控制气体的进出(氧气、二氧化碳和水蒸气)。



Most land animals have four, six or eight legs that they use to move around. It's sensible. It's harder to fall over. Humans are unusual. We can't walk for the first year of our lives, and then we fall over a lot. And compared with most other animals we can't move very fast.


大部分陆地动物长着四条、六条,或者八条腿走路。这很合理,因为有这么多腿更难摔倒。但人类不同,我们出生的第一年不会行走,而且会摔倒很多次。和其它大部分动物比起来,我们无法走很快。



Rocks can't move on their own, they don't need energy or food, they don't feel anything, they don't grow, they don't produce new rocks, they don't poo or pee – they don't have LIFE. You  and a worm and a tree do most  of those things. You have LIFE.


石头不能自己移动,它们不需要能量或者食物,无法感知任何事,不会成长,不会生出新石头,不会大小便——它们根本没有生命。你、蠕虫和树大多会干这些事,因为你们都有生命。



A chicken, an egg and a chick make a simple life cycles. Life cycles repeat time after time after time. A chick will become a chicken and lay an egg that will become a chick that will grow into a chicken and lay an egg that will ... 


鸡、鸡蛋和雏鸡构成了一个简单的生命周期。生命周期不断重复。一只雏鸡会长成鸡然后孵蛋,蛋又会孵出新的鸡,鸡又会孵出新的蛋。。。



A limb is an arm or a leg. You have four.


肢体是脚或胳膊,你有四肢。



Liquids and gases can flow. Liquids and solids and they're 'thicker' (more dense, more squashed) than gases. Water is a liquid.


液体和气体都能流动。液体和固体都比气体(更密)。水是液体。



Lizards are a kind of reptile.


蜥蜴是一种爬行类动物。



Lobsters are sea animals with hard outer layer (exoskeleton). They have ten legs to crawl about the sea floor. Many people like to eat them.


龙虾是有着坚硬外壳的海水动物(外骨骼)。他们用十只脚在海底爬行。许多人都喜欢吃龙虾

A lobster ... people usually think they're tasty ... but not so beautiful.


一只龙虾,人们通常认为它很美味,但并不漂亮。

M


malaria


疟疾








mammal


哺乳类






male


雄性






mate


交配








meat




meerkat





migrate


迁徙





migration


迁徙



milk





mouth


Migration ... African wildebeest moving to live in a new place


迁徙,非洲野生动物前往新的地方生活



Malaria is a disease that causes weakness and tiredness, and can even kill. About 200 million people (200 000 000) catch malaria every year. Mosquitoes spread the disease, in hot countries.


疟疾是一种会导致虚弱和疲惫的的病,甚至死亡。每年大约有两亿人(200000000)感染疟疾。在天气炎热的国家,蚊子会传播疟疾。



A mammal is a kind of animal with hair (or fur or wool). Mammals have warm bodies and females make milk for their young (babies).


哺乳类是有毛(或皮、绒)的动物。哺乳类有温暖的身体,雌性会产奶给年幼动物喝(宝宝)。



A male is a living thing or part of a living thing. He or it makes tiny parts that  move to join with female parts. After joining, these parts can grow into the beginnings of a new (young) living thing. 


雄性是一种生物或生物的一部分。他或它能制造出微小的部分与雌性部分结合。随后会长出新的(年轻的)生物。



To mate means to combine small parts from the body of a living thing with small parts from a living thing of the opposite sex.  The combined parts can grow into a new (young) living thing.


交配意味着将你身体的一小部分与异性的一小部分结合。结合的部分能够长出新的(年轻的)生物。



Meat is part of the body of an animal that is eaten by another animal.


肉是一只动物被其他动物吃掉的那一部分。



Hmmm. Meerkat? What's that? (You can find out on this website.)

獴?那是什么?



Some animals, including people, travel to live  in a new place. they migrate.


一些动物,包括人类,旅行到另一个地方生活,它们在迁徙。



The journey to live in a new place is a migration.


去到另一个地方生活的旅行叫做迁徙



Milk is a liquid with lots of good stuff (nutrients). It's produced by female mammals to feed their babies.


奶是一种包含许多好东西(营养)的液体,是由雌性哺乳动物做出来喂宝宝的。


You probably have one. Most animals do.


你也许有,大部分动物都有。

N


nectar


花蜜













nerves


神经











north







nose


鼻子






nutrient


营养



Flowers make nectar. It's a sweet liquid that insects love. So the flowers encourage the insects to visit. that way, the insects spread pollen from flower to flower. Pollen carries the male part that must join with a female part (usually from a different flower). Then a seed can grow. The flowers feed the insects, and the insects help the flowers.


花会产生花蜜,那是一种昆虫喜欢的甜蜜液体。因此花会吸引昆虫,如此一来,昆虫会将花粉从一朵花传到另一朵。花粉里有需要与雌性结合的雄性部分(通常来自不同的花)。于是种子就能成长了。花会喂养昆虫,昆虫则会帮助花。



Nerves are long threads in animal bodies. Changes can happen along the threads, starting at one end. The changes carry simple information from one end to the other. With many nerves working together the information can be complicated. That's what happens inside your brain. You are awesome!


神经是动物身体中的长线。线会改变,从一端开始。改变会将简单的信息从一端传到另一端。许多神经一起工作信息就能完整的传达。这些都发生在你的大脑里,你真是太厉害了。



The poles of the Earth are cold places, while the equator is mostly hot. The Earth has two poles – we call them north an south.


地球的极点十分寒冷,而赤道则大多炎热。地球有两个极点——我们称为北极和南极。



Your nose has chemical sensors. It has nerve endings that can send information about 'stuff' in the air. the information goes to your brain. 


你的鼻子有化学感应。什么?它有神经末梢能够传递空气成分的信息。这些信息会传到你的脑子里。



All animals need to take nutrients – good stuff – from their surroundings.


所有动物都需要营养——好东西——从他们的周围中。

Cold

寒冷

North and South

北和南

south

equator

赤道

north

Cold

寒冷

O


ocean


大海

P


paralyse


瘫痪





paw


爪子






people










planet


星球






plankton


浮游





plant


植物






poison


毒药



polar bear


北极熊




pollen


花蜜





poo


粪便



prey


猎物



pupa




Most of the world is covered in Oceans. They are huge areas of water.


世界的大部分面积都被大海覆盖着。



To paralyse usually means to stop an animal's nerves working, so that it can't move.


瘫痪的意思是让一只动物的神经停止工作,它就动弹不得了。



Cats, dogs and bears are animals with paws. They are the animals' feet. They can also be used to catch prey, especially if they have good claws.


猫、狗和熊都是有爪子的动物。爪子是动物的脚,也可以用来抓猎物,特别是当它们有锋利的爪子时。



People are members of the human species. They (we) are good at using tools and at communicating. We are not particularly strong and we can't move fast (without machines). But we are good at working in groups. We survive by being clever.


人是人类的成员,他们(我们)非常擅长使用工具以及沟通。我们没有特别强壮,也不能移动的很快(没有交通工具时)。但我们擅长团队合作,我们依靠智慧生存。



The Earth is one planet. It's the only one we know that has LIFE. But there may be planets near other stars that have living things.


地球是一颗星球,是我们已知的唯一拥有生命体的星球。但宇宙中也许存在其它有生命的星球。



The ocean has clouds of tiny living things that get energy from sunlight. It's a great food for many animals, including giant whales. It's called plankton.


海洋中有许多通过阳光获得能量的生物,它们是许多动物的食物,包括大型鲸鱼。这些生物叫做浮游。



Plants get energy from the Sun and some nutrients from their surroundings. Many plants get nutrients from the soil.


植物从阳光中获得能量,从周围的事物中获取营养。其中,许多植物都从土壤中获取营养。



A poison is a harmful substance.


毒药是有害的物质。



A polar bear is a large animal that eats meat. It's a carnivore.


北极熊是吃肉的大型动物,它是食肉动物。



Pollen is the powder, usually yellow, in flowers. It carries the male part that is necessary for making seeds.


花蜜是粉末状,通常是黄色的,存在于花中。它带有制作种子所需要的雄性部分。



Poo is animal waste.


粪便是动物的排泄物。



Prey is an animal that other animals eat.


猎物是被其它动物吃的动物。



A pupa is a stage in the life of some insects. It comes between the larva stage and the adult stage. The pupa doesn't eat, while it slowly changes from a larva (such as a caterpillar) into an adult (such as a butterfly).


蛹是某些昆虫生命中的某个阶段,是在幼虫和成人阶段之间。蛹在它慢慢由幼虫(比如毛虫)变成成年(比如蝴蝶)时并不会进食。

We live on land, but most of the world is covered in ocean.


我们生活在陆地上,但世界的大部分都是海水。

Mother and cubs. They look cute but they can be dangerous.


母熊和熊仔。它们看起来很可爱但其实很可怕。

Q


queen bee


蜂后



A queen bee is larger than other bees. She is the only bee in a beehive that produce eggs. 


蜂后比其它蜜蜂都大。她是蜂巢中唯一产卵的蜜蜂。

A honeycomb with a queen bee and her helpers.


蜂巢里的蜂后和她的帮手

R


rat


老鼠





relative


亲戚











reptile


爬行类





rice






rock


岩石




root


根茎



A rat is an animal that likes to live close to people, because we provide them with food. Often the food is our wasted food.


老鼠是喜欢生活在人类附近的动物,因为我们能提供食物,虽然大多是剩饭。



A relative in everyday speaking is a member of the same family, including cousins and so on. Scientists also talk about families of species, such as the cat family. A lion and a pet cat are both members of that family. So in this website we call them 'relatives'.


亲戚在日常生活中是指同一个家族中的一员,包括表兄弟等等。科学家也关注物种的家族,比如猫的家族,狮子和宠物猫都属于这个家族。因此在这个网站我们管它们叫亲戚



Reptiles are a kind of animal, including lizards, crocodiles, turtles and snakes. They have scales, lay eggs, and do not have warm bodies.


爬行类是一个动物种类,包括蜥蜴、鳄鱼、乌龟和蛇。它们有磷,会生蛋,没有温暖的身体。



Rice is the seed of some types of grass. It makes good food for humans, and so it's an important crop.


米是某些草的种子,是人类喜欢的食物,因此它是一种重要的庄家。



Rock is the solid material of the outside layer of the Earth.


岩石是地球外表层的固体物质。



Plants have roots so that they can take in water and nutrients. Roots also fix the plants firmly to the ground.


植物用根茎吸收水分和营养。根茎也能帮助植物稳固地扎根在地上。

Mountains are made of rock, but that's just the outer layer of the Earth.


山是由岩石组成,但那只是地球的外层。

S


snake











scales






seal


海豹




see







seed


种子




sense


感知



shell




shrimp






silk










skin


皮肤






sleep


睡觉




slug


鼻涕女








smell


气味






soil


土壤








sound


声音









species


物种





spider


蜘蛛





spinneret


吐丝器





spring


春天








sugar




super-tiny bugs


超级微小的虫子



There are more than 3000 different kinds of snake. they're reptiles, without legs or ears or voices. But being close to the ground has an advantage. They can hear vibrations. They use their tongues to smell, and many kinds can 'see' heat.


世界上有超过3000种不同的蛇。它们是爬行类动物,没有腿或耳朵或声音。但紧贴地面有个好处,它们可以听到震动的声音。它们用舌头闻,许多种类的蛇都不能看见热度。



Many animals have 'skin' made of small hard plates. These small plates are their scales.


许多动物都有由又小又坚硬的碟子组成的皮肤,这些碟子是它们的鳞片。



A seal is a mammal that lives in the sea and at the edge of the sea.


海豹是生活在海里和海边的哺乳类动物。



Animals have many ways to find out abut what's going on around them. They can smell, hear, and see, for example. To see means to 'sense' light.


动物有很多种方式察觉它们身边的状况。它们可以闻、听和看,比如,看意味着感知光。



Plants make seeds. A seed is the first stage that can grow into a new plant.


植物制造种子,种子是长成新植物的第一阶段。



To sense means to detect the world around you.


感知意味着探测你周围的世界。



A shell is a hard outer layer of an egg or of an animal such as a snail  or mussel. It's called an 'exoskeleton'.


壳是蛋或者蛇和蜗牛之类的动物的外层,叫做外骨骼。



Shrimps live in water. They have long bodies with thin legs and antennae, with eyes on sticks on their heads.


虾生活在水里,它们有长身和细腿,以及胡须,眼睛紧贴在头上。



Insects and spiders can make long threads, or silk. In insects, it's often the larvae that make silk. they warp it around themselves for protection while they change into adults. If humans can collect enough silk they can make it into fabric for clothes.


昆虫和蜘蛛能够制造长线或丝。昆虫中,通常是幼虫吐丝,在成年前,它们用丝缠绕保护自己。如果人类收集够多的丝就能织出布和衣服。



Skin provides a body covering. It protects animals from harmful things around them, such as bacteria. It also helps to control escape of too much water.


皮肤能保护身体。它能保护动物避免身边的伤害,比如细菌。同时它也能帮助控制水分的流失。



Most animals have times when they sleep. They become less active and less aware. 


大多数动物在睡觉的时候都会减少动作和意识。



Slugs don't have legs but 'walk' on their stomachs. they don't have shells either. They have tentacles on their heads for sensing light and smell. They make slime on their bodies.


鼻涕虫没有腿但能用它们的腹部行走,它们也没有壳。它们的头部有触角来感知光和闻气味。它们的身体会制造粘液。



For many animals, smell is the most important way of sensing the world. They can use smell to find food and to find a mate.


对大部分动物来说,气味是最重要的感知世界的方式,它们能用气味寻找食物和伴侣。



Some places on the earth's land are rocky. But most places have grains or rock. They also have living things. Living things die and make waste. Dead things and waste mix with the grain of rocks to make soil.


地球上的某些地方有很多岩石,但大多数地方都有颗粒和岩石。它们也有很多生物,生物死后会留有废料,死后剩的东西和废料混合岩石的颗粒会变成土壤。



When things shape rapidly, or vibrate, they make sound. The sound travels out from the vibration. It can travel though rock, through water, and through air. Living things often use the travelling vibrations to find out about (sense) the world. That's called hearing.


当事物不断快速变形或震动时会发出声音。声音通过震动传播,它可以穿透岩石、水和空气。生物经常利用传播的震动来感知世界,也就是听



A species is a kind of living thing. All the people in the world are members of the homo sapiens species


物种是某一种生物,全世界的人类都是智人物种中的一员。



Spiders have an outside skeleton – a thick and strong outer layer. So they don't have bones. They have eight legs and they make thread or silk.


蜘蛛有外骨骼——一层又厚又坚硬的外壳。因此它们没有骨头,它们有八只腿,会制造线和丝。



Spiders use spinnerets to make very strong silk. The spiders have a liquid that they throw out and spin. It turns to solid as it comes out into the air.


蜘蛛用吐丝器来制造坚韧的丝。蜘蛛会从体内喷出一种液体,液体接触空气时会变成固体。



Some places in the world are hot all the year round. But many places have four seasons – winter, spring, summer and autumn. In the winter living things do less growing. Spring is the time when new growth begins.


世界上的一些地方全年炎热,但许多地方都有四季——春、夏、秋、冬。冬天时,生物的生长会变慢。春天是万物复苏,新生长开始的时候。



Sugar is a food with high energy-value.


糖是有高能量价值的食物。



The world is full of super-tiny bugs, They're too small to see. Some kinds make you ill if the get inside your body. They can cause colds, flu, and other 'infections'. But many live  inside you and help you.  Some help you to digest your food. Some help you to make vitamins from your food. You provide a warm and cosy place and they pay you back with this kind of help.


世界上到处都是超级微小的虫子,小到看不见。有些一旦进入到你体内就会使你生病,它们能够导致感冒、流感,以及其它症状。但也有许多住在你体内帮助你的。有些帮助你消化食物,有些帮助你从食物中获取维他命。你为它们提供温暖舒适的地方住,它们也会回报你这类帮助。

Spiders' webs trap insects. The spider just has to sit there and wait for lunch to come along.


蜘蛛网能够缠绕住昆虫,蜘蛛只需要坐在那里等它们的午餐自己送上门。

A slimy slug slithering across someone's salad.


一只粘滑的鼻涕虫爬过某个人的沙拉。

Scaly skin


有磷的皮肤

T


taste


味道






teeth


牙齿








tide


潮水






tiger


老虎




tools


工具







tongue


舌头





tree




Taste is a way of finding out about things in the world outside you. Good things often taste good, and harmful things often taste bad.


味道是探寻你身外的世界的一种途径。好东西通常有好的味道,而有害的东西通常味道不好。



If you swallow your food in big lumps you can't get the 'good stuff' (nutrients) into your blood. So you, and many other animals, have teeth to chop the food up before it goes very far.


如果你将食物一整块地吞下就不能将好东西(营养)传到血液里。因此你,以及许多其他动物,会用牙齿将食物嚼碎。



In large oceans the sea rises and falls. In most places by the sea takes more than 12 hours from one high tide to the next


在大海中海水起起落落。在大多数海域,高的潮水需要超过12小时才能从一处流到另一处。



A tiger is a large mammal that eats meat. (An animal that eats meat is a carnivore.)


老虎是吃肉的大型哺乳动物。(吃肉的动物时食肉动物)



A tool is something in the world that an animal uses to do a job. Octopuses can make shelters and even fences. Some fish use tools to open shells to get food. Crows can use sticks. (Humans use tools too.)


工具是动物用来工作的东西。章鱼可以建造遮盖物甚至围栏。有些鱼用工具打开贝壳获取食物。乌鸦会用木棍。(人类也可以使用工具)



A tongue is part of an animal's body for sensing the world (by taste and smell) and for helping to take in food.


舌头是动物身体的一部分,用来感知世界(尝和闻),以及进食。



A tree is a large plant, with leaves to get energy from sunlight and roots to get nutrients from the ground.


树是一种大型植物,它们的树叶可以从阳光中获取能量,根茎可以从土壤中获取营养。

A monkey using a tool


一只猴子在使用工具

Teeth ... good for chopping up food ... and for smiling


牙齿,适合用来咀嚼食物,以及微笑

U



there are no Us yet. 

暂时还没有U

V


variety


多样性






veg / vegetable


植物



vertical


垂直



There are very many many kinds of living things on Earth. There are millions and millions of species.  There's a lot of variety.


世界上有许多许多种生物,也有成千上万的物种,有很大的多样性。



Vegetables are parts of plants such as leaves and roots, that we can eat.


蔬菜是植物的一部分,比如树叶和根茎,我们能拿来吃。



A vertical line or a vertical surface goes up and down from the ground.


一段垂直的线或垂直的表面在地面上上下下地移动。

W


waggle dance


摇摆舞









waste


废物





wax









web




wild


野生



wing


翅膀





winter


冬天






world


世界



Bees collect nectar and pollen from flowers. They work together. A bee that finds a place with good flowers tells other bees the direction and the distance by doing a dance when they get back to the beehive. That's the waggle dance.


蜜蜂从花中采集花蜜和花粉,它们团队合作。蜜蜂在找到有好的花朵的地方后,会在回到蜂巢时跳一段舞,以此告诉它的同伴花的方向和距离,这种舞就叫摇摆舞。



Waste is what plants and animals don't need. So they get rid of it from their bodies.


废物是植物和动物不需要的东西,因此它们将废物排出身体。



Wax is a solid substance (stuff) that can be made into different shapes. Many plants and animals make wax. We can use some wax to burn (like in candles) and for making things like polish and even chocolates.


蜡是一种可以变形成各种形状的固态物质。许多植物和动物都会制蜡。我们可以燃烧蜡(比如蜡烛),也可以用来做其它东西,比如指甲油,甚至是巧克力。



A web is a structure with many links or connections.


网是一种有许多连接的结构。



We say that a place or a living thing that is not used by humans is wild.


我们管没被人类使用或开发的地方或生物叫做野生。



A wing is a part of a living thing (such as bird or insect) that's used for flying.


翅膀是生物身体的一部分(比如鸟和昆虫),是用来飞行的。



Some places in the world are hot all the year round. But many places have four seasons – winter, spring, summer and autumn. In the winter living things do less growing. 


世界上的有些地方全年炎热,但大部分地方都有四季——春、夏、秋、冬。在冬天,生物的生长会变慢。



Sometimes people use ‘the world' to mean the Earth, our planet. Sometimes it means everything around us. Sometimes it means the whole Universe, including stars and faraway galaxies.


有些时候,人们会用世界来指代地球,即我们的星球;有些时候是指我们周围的事物;还有些时候是指整个宇宙,包括星星和遥远的星系。

Winter, when water can fall in solid flakes of snow


冬天,水会结成固态的雪花

Waste is part of life, 

for everybody and everything that lives.


废物是生命的一部分,

对所有人和生物而言都是。

X



there are no Xs yet. 

暂时还没有X

Y


year



The Earth's journey around the Sun takes one year. The journey gives us seasons – winter, spring, summer ad autumn.


地球绕太阳一周需要一年。这给了我们四季——春、夏、秋、冬。

Z


Zambezi river


赞比亚河



The Zambezi is a large river in Africa.


赞比亚河是非洲的一条大河。

A heron and black storks in the Zambezi river in Africa 


非洲的赞比亚河上,一只苍鹫和一群黑鹳

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